Cancer that occurs in the prostate is known as prostate cancer. The prostate is a small walnut-sized gland in men that produces seminal fluid, which helps to transport and nourish the sperm.
Some prostate cancer’s growth is very slow and is restricted to the prostate gland area only, which may need nominal or even no treatment, whereas some kinds of prostate cancer are very insistent and tend to spread quickly. To be on the safer side, even if it is not harmful if this type of cancer is detected early, there are chances of treating it successfully.
Symptoms of Cancer
These types of cancer may or may not indicate symptoms in their early stages. Only the more advanced type of Prostate Cancer may give some signs and symptoms, such as –
- Trouble urinating
- Erectile dysfunction
- Without even trying, there is a loss of weight
- Pain in the bone
- Blood in semen and urine
- The flow of urine comes out with the decreased force
When such symptoms and signs are persistent in an individual, one must consult the top prostate cancer surgeons; delaying can lead to serious harm or injury.
Cause of such cancer
The cause due to which prostate cancer happens in males is is still not clear, but doctors say that it happens when the prostate DNA cells develop changes.
DNA gives instructions to the cell as to what it should do, but when changes happen, the cell tends to grow and divide more rapidly than the normal cells would do, because of which the normal cells die, and the abnormal cells keep on living.
Such an accumulation of abnormal cells in a particular area or the prostate leads to forming a tumor that can grow to occupy the nearby tissue, and some of them can even enter and metastasize to other areas of the body.
Factors leading to prostate cancer
- Old age – Such types of cancer are prominent at old age, mainly after the age of 50.
- Race – prostate cancer is likely to be seen more in black people than the people of other races, and it also tends to be more aggressive and advanced. The reason for such things happening predominantly on the black race is still unknown.
- History of the family – when any blood relatives such as parents or siblings are diagnosed with prostate cancer, then there are high chances of the other person in line to receive it. Even if the women in the family history have prominent genes (BARCA1 or BARCA2) of breast cancer, there is also a high risk of the males getting diagnosed with prostate cancer.
- Obesity – obese people have a higher tendency to get prostate cancer than people who have a healthy weight. Moreover, obese people are likely to become more aggressive and can even return after the initial treatment.
Ways to decrease the risk of having prostate cancer
- One must always choose a healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains as they contain vitamins and nutrients that are good for health.
- Another way is to exercise so that your body weight is maintained and it also helps to improve the mood of a person so one must try to exercise most days of the week to be physically and mentally fit.
- One should also maintain their body weight, and if your current weight is above normal, then one should start maintaining it by choosing a healthy diet and exercise to reduce the weight.
- Another important way of reducing the risk of having prostate cancer is by consulting with your doctor to suggest medications and prevention from causing such cancer. One must always get diagnosed by the top prostate cancer surgeons.
Prevention is better than cure, so if people know that their family history has prostate cancer, they should immediately start taking all the necessary precautions by consulting their doctor.