A Miracle of Evolving Science: Robotic Prostate Surgery

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One of the most common cancers found in men is prostate cancer after skin cancer. It develops when the growth of abnormal cells in the prostate gland is uncontrolled, resulting in the formation of a malignant tumor.

The majority of prostate cancers grow slowly and are bound to the prostate gland causing less harm. Some other types may take aggressive turns demanding immediate medical attention.

Early detected prostate cancers have the best chance of successful surgery. Science and technology have grown with leaps and bounds that have impacted every single field. There is no field left where science has not done its wonders, surgery is no exception to that. Surgery is nothing like it was once known.

Today, surgery has been advanced with the introduction of robots in the procedures, which make the work more efficient and accurate. Prostate cancer today is treated with the help of cirugía robótica de próstata en Panamá. Isn’t that wonderful?

Symptoms and possible treatments

Cancer of prostates shows no symptoms in the initial stages, which makes it harder to detect. But advanced prostate cancer can show symptoms such as:

  • Trouble in urinating
  • Presence of blood in urine and semen
  • Bone pain and weight-loss
  • Erectile dysfunction

Once these symptoms start to show up, it’s no good to delay a visit to the doctor. Contact a doctor as soon as these signs seem to settle in. Depending upon the time at which the cancer is detected, there are some possible treatments that one could go for:

  • Prostate cancer detected at early stages does not need any surgery. Doctors mostly recommend regular surveillance in such cases.
  • Radiation therapy is another way which is used to kill cancer cells.
  • Ablative therapy could also be used, which focuses on the destruction of prostate tissues with heat or cold.
  • The last option is prostatectomy.
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How is robotic prostate surgery different from open prostatectomy?

Prostatectomy is the method the prostate gland is removed surgically. During an open prostatectomy (the conventional one), the surgeon makes an open incision below the navel and performs the surgery with hands. On the other hand, robotic surgery uses many tiny incisions that are done with the help of robotic tools, monitored by the surgeon.

Procedure during prostatectomy performed by robots

Firstly, the patient is asleep under the influence of general anesthesia. The procedure starts with robotic tools making keyhole incisions in the patient’s abdomen. A three-dimensional endoscope along with equipment to process the image is inserted in one of the holes and surgical arms inserted in the others.

The camera gives a clear and magnified view of the delicate organs and tissues around the prostate gland, preventing the damage that may occur. The surgeon is seated in front of the computer console and keeps a close eye on the procedure.

Robotic prostate surgery has an edge over open prostatectomy. Surgery done with hands prevents complete wrist movement. While with robotic prostate surgery, the range of movement is not restricted and can move freely in 360 degrees, which is impossible with the human wrist.

The surgeon sitting at the control unit watches over these movements of tools and manipulates them accordingly.

Why is robotic surgery preferable?

Well, there are some benefits with surgery including robots that make it the popular choice among the patients. And the reasons include the following:

  • Less bleeding because of the less incision area
  • The pain after surgery is significantly lesser
  • Improved accuracy and precision
  • Time in hospital can be as short as two days which is nearly impossible in the case of open surgery.
  • The recovery rate is faster, and patients return to regular activities quickly.
  • There is minimal need for pain medications.
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While it has significant benefits there may be some side-effects that can arise, which are the same as in an open surgery:

  • Urinary incontinence
  • Erectile dysfunction

No one would have thought a few decades back that something like this could be possible, but it is true and changing the lives of many.

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